Fuller Up The Dead Musician Directory 
     Carlos Cachaca 
     Carlos Cachaca 
      August 16, 1999 
      Age 97   
Died In His Sleep 

  Carlos Cachaca, 97, Brazilian Songwriter Who Popularized Samba

          By LARRY ROHTER 

               RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil -- Carlos Cachaca, one of Brazil's most 
               prolific and beloved songwriters and a founder of the samba 
          troupe whose creativity made Rio de Janeiro's annual pre-Lenten 
          Carnival an international attraction, died here on Monday. He was 97.  

          Cachaca, whose real name was Carlos Moreira de Castro, grew up in a 
          poor hillside neighborhood in Rio that is today the slum Mangueira. His 
          stage name, which refers to a fiery sugar cane liquor popular among 
          Brazil's poor, was given to him at jam sessions with the same friends who 
          joined him in founding the Mangueira Samba School and Recreational 
          Society in 1928.  

          The troupe soon became renowned for the clever and propulsive songs it 
          sang every year during Carnival celebrations. Many of the songs were 
          written by Cachaca and his brother-in-law Cartola, who died in 1980, 
          and gained a huge popular following. Cachaca received few royalties 
          from his efforts, taking a job as a railway worker to earn a living, but 
          compositions like "Dawn," the lilting waltz "Clotilde" he wrote for his wife 
          and "I Don't Want to Love Anyone" remain popular even today.  

          "He wrote sambas that will be eternally modern," Alcione, one of the 
          most popular of the current generation of samba singers, said. "I'm glad 
          to have have had the chance to work with and learn from him."  

          Over the years, more than a score of other samba schools were founded, 
          each trying to emulate the style Mangueira created and to duplicate 
          Cachaca's sardonic lyrics. Their annual competition, initially frowned 
          upon by Rio's high society as a vulgar manifestation of the country's 
          African roots, eventually grew into a multimillion-dollar industry and an 
          internationally admired expression of Brazilian culture.  

          "He was the roots and trunk of Mangueira," which means mango tree in 
          Portuguese, said Elmo Jose dos Santos, the president of the society, 
          which has thousands of members and millions of fans in Brazil. "If 
          Mangueira is what it is today, we owe it all to him and Cartola."  

          Two years ago, Cachaca was publicly honored for his role as an 
          originator of the samba and Rio's modern Carnival, parading in the 
          competition in a wheelchair atop a float decorated with Mangueira's 
          green and pink colors as thousands of onlookers applauded from box 
          seats. Fittingly, his group won top honors that year.  

          After a wake at Mangueira's rehearsal hall, Cachaca, who was the 
          troupe's honorary president, was buried late Monday. He is survived by 
          three daughters and several hundred songs.

  Carlos Cachaca, at 97
Brazilian samba artist

                  By Associated Press, 08/17/99  

                      RIO DE JANEIRO - Carlos Cachaca, whose graceful, bittersweet 
                      compositions helped bring samba out of the slums to become Brazil's 
                  most popular music, died yesterday of pneumonia, family members and 
                  friends said. He was 97. 

                  Mourners flocked to his wake at the rehearsal hall of the Mangueira samba 
                  school, Brazil's best-known carnival group, which Mr. Cachaca helped 
                  found in 1928. 

                  ''Samba is in mourning,'' said Herminio Belo de Carvalho, one of his many 
                  partners. ''He was a poet who sang beautifully.'' 

                  Mr. Cachaca, whose real name was Carlos Moreira de Castro, began 
                  composing in 1923, when samba was still largely unknown. He picked up 
                  his nickname from the cane liquor that animated the late-night samba 
                  sessions at the Mangueira hill shantytown, or ''favela.'' 

                  His compositions spoke of life in the favelas, and for that reason were 
                  initially frowned on by much of Brazilian society. Among his best-known 
                  works was Alvorada - ''Dawn'' in Portuguese - written in partnership with 
                  the composer Cartola. It begins: ''Dawn, on the hill, such beauty, no one 
                  weeps in sadness, no one feels bitterness.'' 

                  Mr. Cachaca lived to see samba and carnival taken over by mainstream 
                  Brazil, and he received popular recognition, though few royalties, for his 

                  One of his last public appearances was at carnival in 1997, when he 
                  paraded in a wheelchair atop a float and was applauded by the crowd at 
                  Rio's ''sambadrome'' parade grounds. Fittingly, the Mangueira school was 
                  champion that year. 

                  Mr. Cachaca leaves three daughters. He was to be buried yesterday in Rio 
                  de Janeiro. 

                  This story ran on page B07 of the Boston Globe on 08/17/99.  
                  © Copyright 1999 Globe Newspaper Company.  

 Brazilian samba star Cachaca, 97, dies in sleep 

                            RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) - One of Brazil's best-loved symbols of 
                            samba, the bittersweet composer Carlos Cachaca, was buried 
                            Tuesday after dying in his sleep at the age of 97, officials from the 
                            school he helped found said.  

                            Hundreds of family, friends and samba fans paid their last respects to 
                            Cachaca, who was buried in a cemetery in a northern suburb of Rio 
                            de Janeiro to the sound of some of his most famous songs played in a 
                            funereal style. He died Monday.  

                            Cachaca's real name was Carlos Moreira de Castro but he chose the 
                            nickname ``Cachaca'' because he preferred to drink the traditional 
                            fiery cane liquor of that name over beer.  

                            Cachaca was the last living founder of the Mangueira samba school 
                            -- by the far the most popular in Rio de Janeiro. Mangueira, a violent 
                            shantytown located in a northern Rio suburb, has been a multiple 
                            winner of the city's world-famous Carnival parades and has almost 
                            become a symbol of the event.  

                            One of Cachaca's best-remembered compositions is ``Nao quero mais 
                            amar a ninguem'' (I don't want to love anyone anymore), written in 
                            the 1930s, and the 1976 hit ``Alvorada.''  

                            ``He was the root of the tree of Mangueira. We have lost the master 
                            of masters,'' the school's president Elmo Jose dos Santos was quoted 
                            as saying.  

                            He worked for Brazil's state railways for 40 years before his 





Carlos Cachaça was born on August 2, 1902, the second son of five other siblings. He was raised on an area of the city of Rio de Janeiro, today known as Mangueira.  He was neither black, nor white, he was mixed.  His grandmother was an african-brazilian and his                   grandfather Portuguese. His father was a railway employee,  which at the time was a job that did not pay much money. 

The railway was the heart of the community, and Mangueira was the first stop of the train line 
coming from the center of town. That is why there was a large community of railway employees living there. 

Cachaça's background is easy to trace. He was born  in a modest environment, where people looked for cheap places to rent in the best location possible. They were descendants of former slaves, workers, maids and the unemployed. 

Carlos lost his mother when he was 16 years old and was abandoned by his father when he was a child.  Cachaça had a lot of love in his heart and he kept it  for the first one that could deserve it. So what happened is that one year after his mother died, the person that would be his best friend for the rest of his life, moved to Mangueira. 

His name was Angenor de Oliveira, better known as Cartola,  who is also one of the biggest samba composers from Brazil.  They wrote a lot of music together. 
Cachaça was one of the founders of the great samba school  of Mangueira. Until today he lives on a pink and green house,  (the colors of Mangueira) where he lived with his wife Menininha,  who died several years ago. Cachaça when young, used to spend lots of time in the streets and bars, singing and composing.   Nowadays he rarely goes out.  But he says: "I do not see my old age going by. It is like when I was young. I am going through it exactly as when I was younger". 

He is a very modest man and does not talk much about the important people who use to visit his house.  In his sitting room, you can see  a lot of old pictures of famous politicians, artists, diplomats, international celebrities, etc.. 

His nick name Cachaça in portuguese means a kind of Brazilian white rum, and he was called that because he used to go to musical gatherings every Sunday, and everybody would drink beer, but he did not like beer so he always asked for "cachaça". 

His biggest dream: to see his poem and his song lyrics published.  He's the author of more than 64 poems and song lyrics.  He certainly deserves it, because his poems are high quality 
poems, and it is a shame that he only had the chance to have one record released in all these years he is been writing poems and lyrics. He should be one of the prides of Brazilian poetry. He certainly makes us proud to be Brazilians.